I-TECH began working in Ukraine in 2011 at the invitation of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Ukrainian Ministry of Health. I-TECH supports the Government of Ukraine in implementing reforms in health services management, budgeting, and other key areas to improve service provision for people living with HIV and achieve the UNAIDS 90-90-90 Strategy.
Ukraine is experiencing one of the fastest-growing HIV epidemics in the world, concentrated in large industrial cities among most-at-risk populations (MARPs). Injection drug use was the main pathway for the spread of the disease from 1995 to 2008; sexual transmission is now the primary mode of transmission.[1,2]
It is widely accepted that the official data underestimate the scale of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ukraine. The difference between official statistics and estimated numbers shows that only every second individual of those living with HIV in Ukraine is enrolled into care and treatment.[1,2]
The number of officially registered HIV cases in Ukraine dropped in 2015-2016 as a result of the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine and due to loss to follow-up of people living with HIV in the affected regions of Donetsk and Crimea.[2,3]
- UNAIDS, Ukraine Harmonized AIDS Response Progress Report, December 2015.
- The Ministry of Health, Ukrainian Center for Socially Dangerous Disease Control (UCDC), HIV in Ukraine, Information Bulletin #46, July 2016.
- The Ministry of Health, Ukrainian Center for Socially Dangerous Disease Control (UCDC), HIV in Ukraine, Information Bulletin #45, January 2016.