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Key Populations

Key populations (KP) bear disproportionate burdens of HIV infection. Globally, new infections among KPs and their sexual partners account for 36% of all new HIV infections.1 Achieving the UNAIDS “fast track” treatment targets will require a renewed and focused approach to identify most at-risk and vulnerable populations and respond to their specific needs.

Evidence suggests that KPs—notably men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender persons—are underserved and face violence, criminalization, ineffective policies that don’t protect their rights, and stigma and discrimination, including in health care settings. This reality prevents KPs from accessing needed HIV prevention and care services, leading to low service coverage, an important driver of ongoing HIV transmission in many resource limited settings. Young women and girls are also increasingly at risk of acquiring HIV. Acquisition of HIV is often associated with the incidence of unintended pregnancies, transactional sex, and gender-based violence.

1UNAIDS, Gap Report, 2016.

Program Highlights

Key Populations Preceptorship Program in Trinidad and Tobago
Reducing stigma and discrimination toward vulnerable groups in health care settings can have a positive impact on enrollment in care, retention in care and treatment, and viral suppression of HIV. The Key Populations Preceptorship (KPP) program is a simulated one-on-one patient-provider training program that brings together a health care provider ...
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National HIV Psychosocial Services Expansion in Trinidad and Tobago
In 2019, I-TECH conducted an on-site assessment at Trinidad and Tobago's largest HIV treatment site. The findings of that assessment led to the establishment of an integrated psychosocial program at this site that has yielded favorable results. This further inspired the need for expansion of this psychosocial approach to other ...
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PLHIV Support in Trinidad and Tobago
I-TECH Trinidad and Tobago collaborates with  local organizations to implement programs focused on supporting the health and wellness of people living with HIV (PLHIV), including: • National HIV Helpline: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the need for virtual support and information on HIV testing, care, treatment, and support, and an increased ...
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Strengthening Health Service Delivery in India
  • I-TECH India PL has successfully designed and implemented four differentiated ART service delivery models, including models for key population clients, in collaboration with other stakeholders in states of Maharashtra, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram to develop a proof of concept for the national level scale up;
  • Improved delivery of health ...
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